International metrology organizations
Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM)
The Convention of the Metre is a diplomatic treaty, signed by fifty-nine nations that gives authority to the Conférence Générale des Poids et Mesures (CGPM), the Comité International des Poids et Mesures (CIPM) and the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), to act in matters of international metrology, particularly concerning the demand for measurement standards of steadily increasing accuracy, range and diversity; and the need to demonstrate equivalence between national measurement standards.
Euramet is the Regional Metrology Organization (RMO) of Europe coordinating the cooperation of National Metrology Institutes (NMI) in fields such as research in metrology, traceability of measurements to the SI units, international recognition of national measurement standards and related Calibration and Measurement Capabilities (CMC). Through Knowledge Transfer and cooperation among EURAMET members facilitates the development of the national metrology infrastructures. Euramet is responsible for the elaboration and execution of the European Metrology Research Program (EMRP) and the European Metrology Program for Innovation and Research (EMPIR) which is designed to encourage collaboration between European National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) and partners in industry or academia.
Euro-Asian Cooperation of National Metrology Institutions (COOMET)
COOMET is the regional organization originally establishing co-operation of state metrology institutes of countries in the region of Central and Eastern Europe. It was founded in June, 1991 and renamed "Euro-Asian cooperation of state metrology institutions" in May, 2000 (for the purpose of encouraging participation in COOMET not only European, but also Asian countries). COOMET is open for any metrology institutions from other regions to join as associate members.
International Organization for Legal Metrology (OIML)
The International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML) is an intergovernmental treaty organization. The mission of the OIML is to enable economies to put in place effective legal metrology infrastructures that are mutually compatible and internationally recognized, for all areas for which governments take responsibility, such as those which facilitate trade, establish mutual confidence and harmonize the level of consumer protection worldwide.
European Cooperation in Legal Metrology (WELMEC)
WELMEC is the European cooperation in the field of legal metrology. Its Members are representative national authorities responsible for legal metrology in the European Union and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Member States.