Mutual Recognition Agreements (MRAs)
A mutual recognition agreement (MRA) is an international agreement by which two or more countries agree to recognize one another’s conformity assessments. MRAs have become increasingly common since the formation of the World Trade Organization in 1995. These have been forged within and among various trade blocs, including the European Union.
MRAs are agreements between countries to recognize and accept the results of conformity assessments performed by conformity assessment bodies (CABs) of the countries that are parties to the agreement. Conformity assessment is the process by which products are measured against the various technical, safety, purity, and quality standards that governments impose on products. The basis of this mutual recognition is the use of the importing country’s tests and standards. Such MRAs allow an exporting country’s CABs to use the tests and standards of the importing country in evaluating products, thereby potentially reducing the number of CABs that must evaluate a product destined for multiple markets.
European Union has concluded MRAs with Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Izrael, Japan, Switzerland and the USA.
MRA between the European Community and Australia (PDF, 177,3 kB)
MRA between the European Community and New Zealand (PDF, 159,9 kB)
MRA between the European Community and Canada (PDF, 249,6 kB)
MRA between the European Community and Israel
(DOC, 74,2 kB)MRA between the European Community and Japan (PDF, 189,2 kB)
MRA between the European Community and the Swiss Confederation (PDF, 218,0 kB)
MRA between the European Community and the USA (PDF, 494,0 kB)